Week 12

Reading: PSE Chap 9, Linear momentum and collisions
Topics: impulse, momentum, collisions, conservation of momentum, center of mass


Homework Problems: Note: I took these problems from a textbook; the answers are based on using g = 9.81 m/s^2 for the acceleration of gravity near earth (not 10 m/s^2, as we typically approximate).

  1. A block of mass 2.5 kg is pushed 2.2 m along a frictionless horizontal table by a constant 16.0 N force directed at 25 degrees below the horizontal. Determine the work done by (a) the applied force (31.9 Joules), (b) the normal force exerted by the table (0 Joules), (c) the force of gravity (0 Joules) and (d) the net force on the block (31.9 Joules).
  2. A 200 gram block is pressed against a spring of force constant 1.40 kN/m until the block compresses the spring 10.0 cm. The spring rests at the bottom of a ramp inclined at 60 degrees to the horizontal. Use energy considerations to determine how far up the incline the block moves before it stops (a) if there is no friction between block and ramp (4.12 meters) and (b) if the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.400 (3.35 meters).
  3. A bead slides without friction around a loop-the-loop. If the bead is released from a heigh t of 3.50 R, where R is the radius of the loop, what is the speed of the bead (a) at the bottom? and (b) half-way up the loop? What is the normal force exerted by the loop (c) at the bottom and (d) half way up the loop?
  4. A 5.0 kg block is placed on top of a 10 kg block. A horizontal force of 45 N is used to pull the 10 kg block to the right. A rope is tied between the 5 kg block and a wall on the left. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the surfaces is 0.20. (a) draw a free body diagram for each block and identify the action-reaction forces between the blocks. (b) determine the tension in the string and the acceleration of the 10 kg block (Tension = 9.80 Newtons; a = 0.580 m/s^2).
  5. During WWI, the Prussians had a gun called Big Bertha. The shell had an initial speed of 1.70 km/s at an inclination of 55 degrees above the horizontal. Ignoring drag due to air, (a) how far away did the shell hit? (277 km) (b) How long was it in the air? (4.74 minutes) (c) what was its speed on impact?
  6. A particle moves along the x axis according to the equation x = 2 + 3t - t^2. At t=3 seconds, find (a) the position (2.00 meters), (b) the velocity (-3.00 m/s) and (c) the acceleration of the particle (-2.00 m/s^2).

Quiz: No quiz this week. We will have a test on Thursday that covers material through chapter 8 (conservation of energy)
AP Physics